America’s First “Trail of Tears” The Story of The Choctaw-Apache Tribe of Louisiana, Toledo Bend Lake
- Part I – Roots (290 years)
- Part II- Remedies
- Part III – Recipes
- Genealogy of Tribal Families
America’s First “Trail of Tears,” The story of the Choctaw-Apache Tribe of Louisiana, preserves the history, heritage, indigenous cures and historic recipes of the original tribal families.
This book reveals a slice of little-known American history of the Los Adaes natives, who were forcibly marched by armed Spanish soldiers from their homeland. In 1773, the Spanish government abandoned Los Adaes, its military outpost and mission located at present-day Robeline, Louisiana, six miles from Natchitoches.
Los Adaes served as the first capital of Spanish Texas (1729-1773) and was located 30 miles east of the Sabine River in northwestern Louisiana.The families of Los Adaes, freed Apache slaves who intermarried with the French and Spanish locals, were ordered to leave in five days by the Spanish Governor. They left their crops in the fields and began a 400 mile trek to San Antonio. Many men, women and children died on this first “Trail of Tears”.
Two months later, the refugee survivors arrived in San Antonio without a place to settle. A young Spanish soldier, Antonio Gil Y’barbo (1729-1809), who was born at Los Adaes and married to a part-Indian wife, befriended them. He received permission from the Spanish Government to take charge of the people. He eventually was able to move them back toward their homeland, settling them for over 50 years in Nacogdoches, Texas. New generations were born, including the Choctaw great grandmother of the three book authors, Dorsey Ebarb Bronson, Mary Meshell Carlin and Danny Ebarb.
After the death of Y’barbo, in 1850 his grandson, Alcario Ebarb, led the descendants of Los Adaes natives back to their ancestral homeland in the piney woods wilderness of northwestern Louisiana near modern-day Toledo Bend Reservoir. The story of the Choctaw-Apache Tribe of Louisiana, in addition to telling the shameful tale of a suffering people, captures in photographs how they lived in their ancient land. The book also features the life-saving herbs and plants and many of their historic made-from-scratch recipes.
About the Book
In 1773, the people of Los Adaes, freed Apache slaves who intermarried with French and Spanish families were forcibly marched by Spanish armed soldiers from their homeland around Natchitoches, Louisiana to San Antonio. Many men, women and children died on the 400 mile journey on foot. They were guarded by cannons drawn by bison, to keep them from running away.